What Is PFAS & Is It Safe?

PFAS can be found in many things, from non stick cookware to drinking water. This class of chemicals can have potential negative health effects such as low birth weight. Continue reading to learn more about what items PFAS are in, their effects, and how you can avoid them!


PFAS stands for Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances.

They are human-made chemicals known for their inability to biodegrade, earning them the moniker of “forever chemicals.” These substances are often used in products to lengthen their shelf life and make them resistant to heat, grease, oils, stains, and water. However, PFAS are unnecessary to maintain the quality of items. Million Marker recommends avoiding items with PFAS in them.

What Products Have PFAS In Them?

PFAS are a group of chemicals with similar structures that go by many names:

  • PFOS

  • PFOA

  • PFHxS

  • Perfluorohexane sulfonic acid

  • PFNA

  • Perfluorononanoic acid


PFAS can be found in:

  • Fast food containers and wrappers

  • Non stick cookware

  • Drinking water 

  • Microwave popcorn bags

  • Waterproof jackets

Are PFAS Safe?

The EPA has found that the use of PFAS can lead to negative health outcomes [1]. Recent studies have also found that exposure to PFAS in lab animals has caused reproductive and developmental, liver and kidney, and immunological effects. They may even prevent the efficacy of vaccines [2]. Pregnant women are also especially at risk of PFAS exposure, as infants may be susceptible to low birth weight [3]. Million Marker does not recommend anyone to use products containing or exposed to PFAS.

Health Impacts of PFA Products

Alarmingly, most Americans are exposed to PFAS through drinking water contaminated with the chemical. Small amounts of PFA exposure have been linked to cancer, reproductive harm, and more [4]. Additionally, PFAS may affect metabolic activity and lead to changes in cholesterol levels and possible weight gain.

Recommended Alternatives to PFAS

You can reduce your exposure to PFAS by using packaging made of :

  • Bamboo

  • Uncoated materials

  • Compostable material

  • PLA compostable, single-use plastic

How to Avoid PFAS

Avoid PFAS by using single-use cutlery and containers made with sustainable materials, such as bamboo or palm leaf [5]. Shop from grocers and farmer’s markets that allow you to purchase products using your own recyclable bags. Also, use a water filter. It’s one of the most effective ways to remove PFAS from drinking water. 

You can find our recommended personal care products on our Approved Products list!




[1] https://www.epa.gov/pfas/basic-information-pfas

[2] https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/pfas/health-effects/index.htm

[3] https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-12-reveals-prenatal-exposure-pfas-birth.html  

[4] https://www.ewg.org/pfaschemicals