How To Increase Male Fertility

Wondering how to increase male fertility? Boosting male fertility is a common concern for couples trying to conceive. Fortunately, there are effective strategies and natural remedies for dealing with male fertility issues.

male holding pregnant female belly

Wondering how to increase male fertility?

Boosting male fertility is a common concern for couples trying to conceive. Fortunately, there are effective strategies and natural remedies for dealing with male fertility issues, including reduced sperm counts.

 

Studies suggest that maintaining an active lifestyle, addressing medical conditions, and incorporating specific nutrients into a healthy diet can positively impact male reproductive health

].

Start the family you deserve. Let’s explore how to improve male fertility and sperm production to improve your chances of conceiving.

 

[]

What Impacts Male Fertility?

The healthier the sperm, the better the chances of successful conception. Determining healthy sperm consists of factors, including sperm quality, movement (motility), structure, and shape [2]. 

Lifestyle choices also play a critical role. 

Be sure to:

  • Follow a balanced diet (protein, healthy fats, and fruits and vegetables included!)
  • Exercise regularly (at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise weekly)
  • Avoiding tobacco and drugs 
  • Limiting alcohol 
  • Managing stress 
  • Reducing exposure to toxic chemicals 

Other potential roadblocks include infections or hormone imbalances. Recognizing these potential hurdles in your fertility journey can help manage unforeseen problems effectively. By understanding these factors and taking proactive steps, you're not just figuring out how to increase men fertility, you’re taking potential preventative health measures, too. 

How Male Fertility Actually Works

Male fertility is dependent on several key factors. First and foremost, the production of healthy sperm is crucial. Sperm quality, including its structure and genetic integrity, plays a vital role in successful conception [1]. 

Additionally, for optimum fertility, sperm must be able to reach the semen, where it can be ejaculated during sexual intercourse. This requires unobstructed reproductive pathways and proper functioning of the reproductive organs. That’s why exercise and a healthy diet are so significant for how to improve sperm health. 

Alongside this, having a sufficient sperm count is essential[1]. A high concentration of sperm increases the chances of successful fertilization. Wondering, “How do I increase sperm count?” Learn how to boost male sperm by reading our guide here

Lastly, sperm must possess the ability to function effectively and move actively, enabling them to travel through the female reproductive tract and reach the egg for fertilization. By understanding these issues and discussing them with your healthcare provider, you may discover how to enhance male fertility for your growing family. 

Signs You Might Have Reduced Fertility as a Man

Recognizing the signs of reduced fertility in men is crucial for seeking appropriate interventions. 

Sexual Dysfunction

Let's start with one of the more common signs: problems with sexual function. 

Sexual dysfunction could mean:

  • Erectile issues
  • Low volumes of semen
  • Difficulty with ejaculation
  • Reduced sexual desire
  • Performance anxiety

Remember, sexual function issues are nothing to be ashamed of, as millions of men around the world are battling the same problem. Therefore, there may be resources out there to help boost your libido, and help you figure out how to improve men fertility in your household. 

Also, don’t forget to put the “fun” in sexual dysfunction. Communicate with your partner and focus on their needs instead of yours. Enjoying each other’s company can help take the pressure off the situation and turn the heat up in the bedroom. 

Current Respiratory Infections

Now, here's a slightly unexpected sign - recurrent respiratory infections. You might be wondering, "What do my lungs have to do with fertility?" Well, it's not a direct link, but frequent respiratory infections can be an indirect indicator of reduced fertility.

Conditions like Kartagener's syndrome or immotile cilia syndrome, which affect the tiny, hair-like structures called cilia in our respiratory tract and sperm cells, can cause both these issues.

To keep those pesky respiratory infections at bay, remember to keep up with your hygiene and vaccinations. A healthy lifestyle goes a long way too! 

Get plenty of sleep, eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and manage your stress levels. If you smoke, think about quitting, and try to limit alcohol - your respiratory system and immune system will thank you!

While these male fertility tips are handy, nothing beats professional medical advice. If respiratory infections keep coming back, don't hesitate to see a doctor. And if you're worried about fertility, bring it up in your consultation. Fertility can be complex, but you're not alone - healthcare pros are there to help you navigate the journey!

Loss of Sense of Smell

Another surprising symptom linked to hormonal imbalances affecting fertility is the loss of smell. Studies suggest that this unusual symptom could be a physiological reaction to hormonal changes in the body, potentially impacting reproductive health and fertility [5].

Recognizing these signs isn't meant to alarm you but rather to empower you. Being aware of these potential indicators can encourage you to seek advice from a healthcare professional and explore any underlying causes. 

It's all about taking proactive steps to address any issues and optimize your fertility outcomes. Remember, knowledge is power, and in this case, it could also mean the power to create life.

Medical Conditions That Impact Male Fertility

The journey toward creating a family can often be more of a winding path than a straight line and this can be especially true when dealing with male fertility issues. It's important to remember that many medical conditions that impact fertility are beyond our control, and it's perfectly normal for the journey to be emotionally challenging. Seeking mental health support or exploring alternative options, such as donors and IVF, is not only acceptable but can also be a necessary part of your unique journey.

One such challenge can be varicocele, a condition characterized by the enlargement of veins within the scrotum [5]. This can affect the temperature regulation in the testicles, potentially leading to impaired sperm production and function. Infections, including sexually transmitted infections or urinary tract infections, can also have an impact on fertility by causing inflammation and damage to the reproductive organs [6].

Ejaculation issues, such as retrograde ejaculation or premature ejaculation, can create additional challenges by interfering with the release of sperm during sexual intercourse [6]. In some situations, individuals may produce antibodies that attack their own sperm, further compromising fertility [6]. Certain tumors, particularly those affecting the testicles or prostate, can disrupt hormone production and interfere with sperm production and function [6].

These challenges can seem daunting, but it's important to remember that there's no one-size-fits-all path to creating a family. Each person's journey is unique and valid, and it's okay if yours doesn't look like what you initially envisioned. 

It's also worth noting that changes in diet and lifestyle could help prevent or alleviate symptoms of some medical conditions affecting fertility. Always consult with your physician for personalized advice and guidance. Your journey to parenthood might take unexpected turns, but every step you take is a testament to your resilience and determination. Remember, it's your journey, and each step forward, no matter how small, is a significant stride toward creating your family.

Environmental Factors That Impact Male Fertility

 One key area to be aware of is the presence of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), which can potentially interfere with hormone function and impact fertility. These chemicals are commonly found in everyday products, making them difficult to avoid completely. However, being informed and making conscious choices can help reduce exposure.


Here are ten common endocrine-disrupting chemicals associated with infertility:

Remember, small changes can make a big difference. Many of these chemicals are in plastics, personal care products, and around the home. Reducing plastic use, cooking at home more often, and investing in an air filter are just a few steps you can take to improve your environmental health and potentially boost your fertility.

Learn where your greatest exposures to some of the most common EDCs are coming from. Test your urine and get a personalized report with tips to reduce exposures and product recommendations with Million Marker’s Detect & Detox Test Kit

Natural Remedies to Increase Male Fertility: Do's & Don'ts

Looking for some more clues as to how can you increase sperm count and boost your male fertility? In the quest to combat infertility, a multitude of natural remedies present themselves as potential aids. It's a journey of discovery where science and nature converge to offer practical solutions. While these methods vary, we encourage finding what resonates with you personally. Always remember that whatever path you choose should be undertaken safely and under the guidance of your healthcare provider. 

Quit smoking

Embracing a smoke-free lifestyle is a profound step towards enhancing male fertility and bolstering reproductive health. The link between tobacco use and its detrimental impact on male fertility, including a reduction in sperm count, motility, and morphology, is well-established. 

The culprits? Harmful chemicals like nicotine and carbon monoxide, found in cigarette smoke, that can hamper sperm production and function. And it's not just active smoking that poses a threat. Secondhand smoke carries similar risks. 

The toxins lingering in secondhand smoke can be inhaled and absorbed by the body, negatively affecting fertility. By choosing to quit smoking and limiting exposure to secondhand smoke, individuals can significantly boost their chances of conception and improve their overall reproductive health. Remember, it's never too late to make positive changes for your well-being.

Avoid Drugs

Hop over a major hurdle in male infertility. Avoid recreational drugs and the overuse of prescription medications. 

Substance misuse, from recreational drugs to prescription medications, can disrupt the delicate balance of hormone production and impair the quality and quantity of sperm - creating invisible barriers.

Recreational substances like marijuana, cocaine, and methamphetamines have been associated with decreased sperm count, motility, and viability. 

Think big by avoiding anabolic steroids for performance use. While they may enhance your athletic performance, they will not enhance your performance in bed. Research suggests that anabolic steroids are capable of causing hormonal imbalances and even shrinkage of the testicles. 

Reduce Alcohol Intake

Boost your fertility by limiting your alcohol intake or quitting it altogether. Studies have shown that excessive alcohol intake can negatively impact male reproductive health, leading to issues like reduced sperm quality, decreased sperm production, and hormonal imbalances [9].

Keep your alcohol consumption within moderate levels. What does this mean? For men, it generally equates to one to two standard drinks per day [10].

Reduce Testicular Temperature

Need another tip for how to improve quality of sperm? Turn the heat up in the bedroom, not on your testicles. Ever thought that a cozy hot bath might affect sperm health? Studies show it can indeed raise the temperature in your testicles and hinder sperm production [6]. 

And gents, those tight briefs or skinny jeans you love? They might be cranking up the heat in your scrotal area, not doing your sperm any favors [11]. Even sitting for too long can lead to increased scrotal temperature due to restricted airflow and pressure on the testicles [6].

But guess what? You've got this! By making simple lifestyle changes, such as swapping hot baths for cooler showers, choosing loose-fitting underwear, and taking breaks from sitting for prolonged periods, you're on your way to maintaining an ideal testicular temperature. With these small but powerful steps, you're not just supporting your male fertility, you're championing it [11]!

Reduce Stress

A great answer for how to boost male sperm and enhance male fertility is to reduce stress. Easier said that done, right? 

Trying to conceive should be a magical, even fun time for prospective parents. Yet, for millions, it’s an extra cause of stress. Chronic stress can disrupt the delicate balance of reproductive hormones, such as testosterone, affecting the overall reproductive health of men [12]. 

Implement stress-reducing techniques, such as: 

  • Exercise
  • Meditation
  • Yoga
  • Deep-breathing exercises
  • Engaging in hobbies or activities that promote relaxation
  • Seeking counseling or therapy
  • Maintaining a healthy work-life balance

By prioritizing self-care and reducing stress, individuals can optimize their reproductive health and increase their chances of conception.

Test for STIs

Taking charge of your reproductive health can be as straightforward as regular testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This simple yet crucial step can significantly boost male fertility and safeguard optimal reproductive health. Here's why: undiagnosed and untreated STIs can wreak havoc on male fertility, damaging the reproductive organs and hindering sperm quality and function [13].

But by regularly checking for STIs, you're not only identifying any infections early, but you're also treating them promptly. This reduces the risk of long-term complications and keeps your reproductive health in check.

So, what should you look out for? Be vigilant for signs like unusual discharge, discomfort during urination, genital sores or blisters, itching, irritation, and swelling in the genital area [13]. If you notice any of these signs, don't hesitate to seek medical attention and get the necessary tests done.

Have Unprotected Sex Regularly

Like they say with the lottery, “You can’t win if you don’t play.” Engaging in frequent sexual intercourse ensures a more regular release of fresh and healthy sperm, which increases the likelihood of successful fertilization [14]. 

Regular ejaculation helps to prevent the build-up of older, less motile sperm and promotes the production of newer, more viable sperm [14]. Additionally, regular sexual activity can improve the quality of sperm by enhancing its motility and reducing DNA damage [14]. 

It is recommended to have intercourse at least two to three times a week to optimize the chances of conception [14]. By maintaining a healthy and active sexual life, couples can enhance their fertility potential and increase the likelihood of achieving a successful pregnancy. 

What Foods Increase Male Fertility?

We all gotta eat. Might as well craft meals with fertility in mind! Including certain foods in your diet can effectively increase male fertility by providing essential nutrients and antioxidants. 

Antioxidants play a crucial role in protecting sperm cells from oxidative stress and promoting their overall health [1]. Looking to boost your fertility and overall reproductive health? You can find an array of beneficial antioxidants in everyday foods.

Beef liver, leafy green vegetables, fruits, beans, peas, and fortified grains are all excellent sources of folic acid, a potent antioxidant [15].

Want more antioxidant power? Turn to lycopene-rich foods like tomatoes, apricots, pink grapefruit, and watermelon [1].

For selenium, a nutrient vital for sperm production and motility, consider adding Brazil nuts, cod, beef, turkey, or chicken to your meals [1].

Fruits and vegetables aren't just delicious, they're also packed with Vitamin C - red peppers, kiwi, oranges, and grapefruit are particularly high in this essential vitamin [1].

Nuts, seeds, oils, and leafy greens are your go-to for Vitamin E, which plays a key role in maintaining sperm membrane integrity [15].

And let's not forget zinc, a mineral crucial for testosterone production and sperm quality. You'll find this in oysters, crab, red meat, poultry, and beans [1].

By incorporating these nutrient-dense foods into your diet, you're not only supporting male fertility but also promoting better overall health. Eat well and stay healthy!

What Foods Decrease Male Fertility?

Life is about balance. While there are good foods for fertility, there are also foods that could support infertility. 

Certain foods may have a negative impact on male fertility and should be consumed in moderation or avoided altogether. One such food is soy, which contains compounds called phytoestrogens that mimic the effects of estrogen in the body [16]. 

High intake of soy products like tofu, soy milk, and soybeans has been associated with decreased sperm concentration and quality [16]. It is believed that the phytoestrogens in soy products may disrupt hormonal balance and interfere with normal sperm production [16]. 

Remember to eat fresh, local foods. That includes meat from your butcher, if possible. Processed meats have also been linked to reduced fertility in men. These meats often contain high levels of preservatives, additives, and potentially harmful chemicals that may adversely affect sperm health [15]. 

Aim For a Healthy Weight

Maintain a healthy weight, not only for your health…but to increase the chances of growing your family. Staying active and eating a healthy diet is crucial for male fertility, as both excessive body weight and being underweight can have negative effects on reproductive health [1].

Obesity is characterized by excessive body fat and has been associated with reduced sperm quality, lower testosterone levels, and increased risk of infertility [1]. On the other hand, being significantly underweight can also disrupt hormone production and impair sperm production [1]. 

Aim for a healthy weight within the recommended body mass index (BMI) range, which is typically between 18.5 and 24.9. However, it's important to note that individual variations may exist, and consulting with a healthcare professional can provide personalized guidance. By maintaining a healthy weight, men can support optimal hormone balance, enhance sperm production and quality, and improve their chances of achieving successful conception.

How to Keep Seminal Fluid Healthy

Want another tip for how to improve your sperm count? Give your fishies good water to swim in!

Let's talk about the superhero of male fertility, the unsung hero of reproduction - Seminal fluid! This vital elixir nourishes and safeguards sperm on their epic quest toward fertilization. So, how can we ensure this champion stays in tip-top shape? It's all about embracing a lifestyle worthy of a fertility superhero.

First up, hydration is key! Like a refreshing oasis in a desert, water keeps the seminal fluid volume just right, ensuring its consistency is on point [17]. So, don't forget to gulp down that H2O!

Next, think of your diet as the ultimate training program. A balanced plate packed with essential nutrients is like a secret weapon, fortifying seminal fluid and keeping it primed for action [10].

Regular ejaculation, either through unprotected sex with or masturbation, is like a regular workout for your reproductive system. It helps prevent the build-up of old fluids and encourages enhanced semen quality. [18].

As for alcohol and smoking, these are the villains in our story. Overindulging in them can be a real party pooper for semen quality [10]. So, consider cutting back on these habits.

Finally, remember to take a breather. Managing stress and practicing relaxation techniques can do wonders for the overall health of seminal fluid [10]. It's like giving your body the rest it needs after a long day of superhero duties.

By adopting these habits, men can ensure their seminal fluid remains the superhero it's meant to be, supporting fertility and reproductive health in an extraordinary way. So, suit up and start your journey towards super seminal health today!

Test Your Body for Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals

As we’ve discussed, EDCs are substances that can interfere with the normal function of the body's endocrine (or hormone) system. These harmful chemicals can be found in a wide range of everyday products, including food, water, cleaning products, cosmetics, and even toys and carpets.

EDCs like bisphenols, phthalates, parabens, oxybenzone, and others are often used in these products for various purposes, such as preservatives, fragrances, plasticizers, and UV filters. However, exposure to these chemicals can disrupt hormonal balance and potentially lead to a variety of health issues.

The concern with EDCs is that they mimic, block, or interfere with hormones in the body, which can throw off our body's natural systems. This disruption can lead to developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune problems.

Given the widespread presence of EDCs, it can be challenging to avoid exposure. However, efforts are being made to provide tools and resources to help individuals understand and manage their exposure levels.

One such resource is the Detect & Detox Test Kit from Million Marker. This mail-in urine test kit is designed to measure common EDCs in your body. This kit pinpoints your source of exposures in a personalized report full of practical tips and product recommendations to help you reduce your exposure and balance your hormones. 

Take a proactive approach to your health. Take control of your toxic chemical exposures. Take control of your fertility issues. 

When to See A Doctor

Millions of couples around the world struggle to conceive. You are not alone, and there are resources available to you that can help you make decisions about the next steps in growing your family. If you're grappling with male fertility issues or concerned about your reproductive health, consult an expert. If conception has eluded you for over a year or a medical condition could impact your fertility, it's time to seek advice. Signs like sexual function problems, recurrent respiratory infections, inability to smell, decreased facial or body hair, or other changes in reproductive health [17] indicate a need for a check-up. A reproductive medicine specialist or urologist can guide you through necessary tests and treatments. Early consultation can increase your chances of successful conception, paving the way to parenthood.

Resources

[1] Sharma, R., Biedenharn, K. R., Fedor, J. M., & Agarwal, A. (2013). Lifestyle factors and reproductive health: taking control of your fertility. Reproductive biology and endocrinology, 11(1), 1-15.

[2] Kellesarian, S. V., Yunker, M., Malmstrom, H., Almas, K., Romanos, G. E., & Javed, F. (2018). Male infertility and dental health status: A systematic review. American Journal of Men's Health, 12(6), 1976-1984.

[3] Lotti, F., Corona, G., Rastrelli, G., Forti, G., Jannini, E. A., & Maggi, M. (2012). Clinical correlates of erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation in men with couple infertility. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9(10), 2698-2707.

[4] Karagiannis, A., & Harsoulis, F. (2005). Gonadal dysfunction in systemic diseases. European Journal of Endocrinology, 152(4), 501-513.

[5] Halder, A., Kumar, P., Jain, M., & Kalsi, A. K. (2017). Genomics: Tool to predict and prevent male infertility. Frontiers in Bioscience-Scholar, 9(4), 448-508.

[6] Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Male infertility: Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved June 15, 2023, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20374773

[7] Krzastek, S. C., Farhi, J., Gray, M., & Smith, R. P. (2020). Impact of environmental toxin exposure on male fertility potential. Translational andrology and urology, 9(6), 2797–2813. https://doi.org/10.21037/tau-20-685

[8] Harlev, A., Agarwal, A., Gunes, S. O., Shetty, A., & du Plessis, S. S. (2015). Smoking and Male Infertility: An Evidence-Based Review. The world journal of men's health, 33(3), 143–160. https://doi.org/10.5534/wjmh.2015.33.3.143

[9] Sansone, A., Di Dato, C., de Angelis, C., Menafra, D., Pozza, C., Pivonello, R., ... & Gianfrilli, D. (2018). Smoke, alcohol and drug addiction and male fertility. Reproductive biology and endocrinology, 16(1), 1-11.

[10] UCLA Health. (n.d.). How to improve men's fertility. UCLA Health. Retrieved from https://www.uclahealth.org/news/how-to-improve-mens-fertility

[11] Tiemessen, C. J., Evers, J. H., & Bots, R. G. M. (1996). Tight-fitting underwear and sperm quality. The Lancet, 347(9018), 1844–1845. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(96)91670-0 

[12] Ilacqua, A., Izzo, G., Emerenziani, G. P., Baldari, C., & Aversa, A. (2018). Lifestyle and fertility: the influence of stress and quality of life on male fertility. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 16(1), 1-11.

[13] Goulart, A. C. X., Farnezi, H. C. M., França, J. P. B. M., Dos Santos, A., Ramos, M. G., & Penna, M. L. F. (2020). HIV, HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis: impacts on male fertility. JBRA assisted reproduction, 24(4), 492.

[14] American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (n.d.). Optimizing male fertility. ReproductiveFacts.org. Retrieved June 15, 2023, from https://www.reproductivefacts.org/news-and-publications/patient-fact-sheets-and-booklets/documents/fact-sheets-and-info-booklets/optimizing-male-fertility/

[15] Salas-Huetos, A., James, E. R., Aston, K. I., Jenkins, T. G., & Carrell, D. T. (2019). Diet and sperm quality: Nutrients, foods and dietary patterns. Reproductive Biology. doi:10.1016/j.repbio.2019.07.005  10.1016/j.repbio.2019.07.005

[16] Ferramosca, A., & Zara, V. (2022). Diet and male fertility: The impact of nutrients and antioxidants on sperm energetic metabolism. International journal of molecular sciences, 23(5), 2542.

[17] Does drinking water increase sperm count?. Allo Health. (2023, June 28). https://www.allohealth.care/healthfeed/sex-education/does-water-increase-sperm#:~:text=Adequate%20hydration%20is%20important%20for,volume%20and%20lower%20sperm%20count.

[18] Mayorga-Torres, B. J., Camargo, M., Agarwal, A., du Plessis, S. S., Cadavid, Á. P., & Cardona Maya, W. D. (2015). Influence of ejaculation frequency on seminal parameters. Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E, 13, 47. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12958-015-0045-9